# Indirect retrieval of information and the emergence of facts in quantum mechanics

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Miguel Ballesteros, Martin Fraas, Jürg Fröhlich, Baptiste Schubnel

Miguel Ballesteros, Martin Fraas, Jürg Fröhlich, Baptiste Schubnel

**3/6/15**Published in : arXiv:1506.01213

Long sequences of successive direct (projective) measurements or observations of a few "uninteresting" physical quantities of a quantum system may reveal indirect, but precise and unambiguous information on the values of some very "interesting" observables of the system. In this paper, the mathematics underlying this claim is developed; i.e., we attempt to contribute to a mathematical theory of indirect and, in particular, non-demolition measurements in quantum mechanics. Our attempt leads us to make novel uses of classical notions and results of probability theory, such as the "algebra of functions measurable at infinity", the Central Limit Theorem, results concerning relative entropy and its role in the theory of large deviations, etc.